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For Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS) informaton, guidance, and updates click here 

About monkeypox

Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox.Monkeypox risk factorsHow to keep yourself and others safeSigns and symptoms

Monkeypox is typically characterized by a new, unexplained rash that develops into characteristic hard, round, fluid- or pus-filled skin lesions. Other early symptoms include: The monkeypox rash typically develops within one to three days after fever. However, some people may experience a rash or sores first, followed by other symptoms. Some people may also only develop a rash. 

If you have symptoms of monkeypox, your healthcare provider will be able to test you for monkeypox. This is done by swabbing two different lesions, or sites of rash on the body, to collect DNA. The swabs are then sent to labs for testing in sterile containers.

There are no treatments specifically for monkeypox virus infections. However, because of genetic similarities in the viruses, vaccines and antiviral drugs developed to protect against and treat smallpox may be used to treat monkeypox infections.

Wisconsin currently has a limited supply of JYNNEOS vaccine. At this time, Brown County Public Health is focusing on providing available doses of vaccine to those who have known exposures and people with certain risk factors.

JYNNEOS vaccine is currently available for the following people:People under the age of 18 can receive JYNNEOS only as an injection beneath the skin (subcutaneously). If you feel you meet DHS eligibility guidance for vaccination, please contact your healthcare provider or Brown County Public Health.

If you plan to contact Brown County Public Health directly: *If you can’t get a referral from a healthcare provider, don’t worry. This won’t prevent you from getting a vaccine if you are found to meet eligibility guidelines for vaccination.

If you contact your healthcare provider, they can: If you do not have access to a health care provider, 211 Wisconsin can provide free, confidential support finding one near you. Dial 211 or 877-947- 2211, text your ZIP code to 898-211, or find additional resources online at

This page updated as of: 10.2022