About monkeypox
Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus is part of the same family of viruses as variola virus, the virus that causes smallpox. Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but milder, and monkeypox is rarely fatal. Monkeypox is not related to chickenpox.Monkeypox risk factorsHow to keep yourself and others safeSigns and symptoms

Symptoms of monkeypox can include:The rash goes through different stages before healing completely. The illness typically lasts 2-4 weeks. Sometimes, people get a rash first, followed by other symptoms. Others only experience a rash.
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If you have symptoms of monkeypox, your healthcare provider will be able to test you for monkeypox. This is done by swabbing two different lesions, or sites of rash on the body, to collect DNA. The swabs are then sent to labs for testing in sterile containers.

There are no treatments specifically for monkeypox virus infections. However, because of genetic similarities in the viruses, vaccines and antiviral drugs developed to protect against and treat smallpox may be used to treat monkeypox infections.
There are two vaccines approved for monkeypox, JYNNEOS and ACAM2000. JYNNEOS is the preferred vaccine for nearly everyone. You can read more about the differences in the vaccines on the CDC website.
Based on updated eligibility guidance from DHS, vaccination is now recommended for:Wisconsin currently has a limited supply of monkeypox vaccine. At this time, we are focusing on those who have known exposures and people with certain risk factors
If you had close, personal contact with someone confirmed to have monkeypox, have symptoms of monkeypox, or believe you meet eligibility criteria for vaccination, please contact your healthcare provider to get connected with testing and treatment.

This page updated as of: 08.2022